Energy from shale is produced by a method of drilling called hydraulic fracturing. What is hydraulic fracturing, often referred to as “fracking,” is a process the released thousands of gallons of mostly water and sand deep beneath the earth’s surface in order to fracture shale rock formations, which then releases natural gas.
One of the biggest misconceptions is that global warming climate changes will happen over night, creating an urgency to omit carbon emissions completely and as quickly as possible. However, cutting oil completely and quickly, would not only have a substantial impact on the economy, cutting oil quickly is considered completely unnecessary. Over time, we can start to transition from oil to natural gas while using more alternative energy sources such as wind, solar, or nuclear to cut use of methane emissions. Until then, we can focus on current transitions and learn best practices when managing oil and gas reserves.
Gas and goal effectively compete in the electricity generation market. The comparison of the two fuels comes down to how efficient each fuel is in making electricity. The superior efficiency of gas in electricity generation doubles the heat content advantage of gas over coal. Therefore, natural gas is more efficient when used for heating. Methane emissions much be five times larger than they currently are before gas substitutes (whether gas from shale or conventional gas) becomes vital from a global warming perspective.